The attack on pearl harbor in 1941

Husband Kimmel and Walter Short Japanese: Chuichi Nagumo and Isoroku Yamamoto Outcome: On December 8, President Franklin D.

The attack on pearl harbor in 1941

The Attack on Pearl Harbor, Later, Winston Churchill called to tell him that the Japanese had also attacked British colonies in southeast Asia and that Britain would declare war the next day. Roosevelt responded that he would go before Congress the following day to ask for a declaration of war against Japan.

Attack on Pearl Harbor

So we had won after all! Hitler's fate was sealed. Mussolini's fate was sealed. As for the Japanese, they would be ground to powder. In the early afternoon of December 7, she was relaxing in her Washington home when she received a phone call: I was rather abstractedly looking at a Sunday paper when the telephone rang and Louise Hackmeister said sharply: There's a car on the way to pick you up.

The Japs just bombed Pearl Harbor! She had a long list of people to notify. In twenty minutes I was drawing into the White House driveway, already swarming with extra police and an added detail of Secret Service men, with news and radio reporters beginning to stream into the Executive Office wing and State, War and Navy officials hurrying into the House.

The attack on pearl harbor in 1941

Hopkins, Knox and Stimson already were with the Boss in his second floor study; Hull and General Marshall arrived a few minutes later.

It was my job to take these fragmentary and shocking reports from him by shorthand, type them up and relay them to the Boss.

I started taking the calls on a telephone in the second floor hall but the noise and confusion were such that I moved into the President's bedroom. All of them crowded over my shoulders as I transcribed each note.

The news was shattering. I hope I shall never again experience the anguish and near hysteria of that afternoon. Coding and decoding operations in Hawaii and in Washington slowed up the transmission. But the news continued to come in, each report more terrible than the last, and I could hear the shocked unbelief in Admiral Stark's voice as he talked to me.

At first the men around the President were incredulous; that changed to angry acceptance as new messages supported and amplified the previous ones. The Boss maintained greater outward calm than anybody else but there was rage in his very calmness.

With each new message he shook his head grimly and tightened the expression of his mouth. Within the first thirty or forty minutes a telephone circuit was opened from the White House to Governor Joseph B.

The Governor confirmed the disastrous news insofar as he had learned it. In the middle of the conversation he almost shrieked into the phone and the President turned to the group around him to bark grimly: Hull, his face as white as his hair, reported to the Boss that Nomura and Kurusu were waiting to see him at the exact moment the President called to tell him of the bombing.

In a tone as cold as ice he repeated what he had told the enemy envoys and there was nothing cold or diplomatic in the words he used.

The attack on pearl harbor in 1941

Knox, whose Navy had suffered the worst damage, and Stimson were cross-examined closely on what had happened, on why they believed it could have happened, on what might happen next and on what they could do to repair to some degree the disaster. Within the first hour it was evident that the Navy was dangerously crippled, that the Army and Air Force were not fully prepared to guarantee safety from further shattering setbacks in the Pacific.

It was easy to speculate that a Jap invasion force might be following their air strike at Hawaii - or that the West Coast itself might' be marked for similar assault.

Orders were sent to the full Cabinet to assemble at the White House at 8: He was alone, seated before his desk on which were two or three neat piles of notes containing the information of the past two hours.

The telephone was close by his hand. He was wearing a gray sack jacket and was lighting a cigarette as I entered the room.

He took a deep drag and addressed me calmly: I'm going before Congress tomorrow. I'd like to dictate my message.Life Since the War. Over seven decades have passed since the attack on Pearl Harbor, and Stratton still carries the scars – both physical and psychological – from that nightmarish morning.

Pearl Harbor attack, (December 7, ), surprise aerial attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War strike climaxed a decade of worsening relations between the United States and Japan.

W ord of the attack reached President Roosevelt as he lunched in his oval study on Sunday afternoon. Later, Winston Churchill called to tell him that the Japanese had also attacked British colonies in southeast Asia and that Britain would declare war the next day.

"Attack at Pearl Harbor, ," EyeWitness to History, (). The Japanese launched a total of aircraft in the attack. Of the eight battleships damaged during the attack, six returned to service. Pearl Harbor was the site of an event that changed not only the United States but the world.

December 7th, marks the fateful day the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the unsuspecting base on the island of Oahu.

The Japanese attack fleet left its home waters on November 26 steaming a circuitous route towards Pearl Harbor. Fleet Commander, Vice Admiral Nagumo, received his final orders on December 1 and on the morning of December 7 the battle group was in position miles north of Hawaii.

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Attack on Pearl Harbor - Wikipedia