The fact that Cacambo has tried and given up being a monk implies that religion is just like a pair of clothes that one tries on and takes off without much thought.
Satire may be defined as the particular literary way of making possible the improvement of humanity and its institutions. The satirist adopts a critical attitude and usually presents his material with wit and humor.
Aware of grave limitations in the institutions which humanity has erected, he may seek through laughter to effect a remodeling rather than the demolishing of them. Voltaire is to be identified as such a satirist, and he sought a most thorough-going remodeling of human behavior and institutions.
Basically satire is of two kinds: To put it another way, one may say that Horatian satire sports with folly, and that Juvenalian satire attacks crimes Religion and candide at least offenses deemed to be anti-social.
Obviously the latter type, if it invites laughter at all, invites scornful laughter. Both types of satire are found in Candide. And the significant thing is that even when Voltaire was most aroused, he employed the light touch and achieved a tone often of gaiety that is deceptive to the literal-minded reader who accepts the tale as an exaggerated account of the protagonist's adventures and no more.
Voltaire's primary device as a satirist is that of irony, applying it not only to statement but also to event, situation, and structure.
Candide simply satirizes the European political, religious and personal status quo in an effort to show how greatly it would be improved via the Enlightenment . Religion is a big topic in Candide. Voltaire writes off the Spanish Inquisition as horrific entertainment, describing the accused’s (other than Candide and Pangloss) sentences as humorous, i.e. marrying your own godmother, and eating a pullet without the lard. Voltaire’s Satirical Stance of Organized Religion. Voltaire’s satirical novel, Candide, encompasses a variety of things. This includes direct attacks on the beliefs of an opposing philosophe of the Enlightenment period – Leibniz, the foolish and extravagant attitudes of the aristocracy, and the sheer unrealism in romantic novels.
Irony is a rhetorical device by means of which the writer's or speaker's actual intent is expressed in a manner carrying the opposite meaning. Quite often, as in Voltaire's work, it is characterized by grim humor. Usually the writer sets down words of praise to imply blame, and words of blame to imply praise, the former practice being more common.
As a literary device, irony is effective because it calls for restraint. The satirist who depends upon it never descends to railing or to sarcasm; he expects his audience to get the point.
One can understand why Thierot lauded Voltaire as the "most excellent author of quips and jests" and that both Baron Grimm and Mme. The targets of Voltaire's satire are many and varied.
First in importance, to be sure, is philosophical optimism; others include religion, kings and the State, war, avarice, social pride, and folly of one kind or another. In the moral order, dishonesty, sham, prostitution, and all the grave and petty inhumanities of man against man are assailed, just as in the natural order disease, cataclysms, and malformations are.
For his purpose Voltaire depended especially upon exaggeration, but he also used the contrasting device of understatement, often in the form of litotes, which is understatement whereby something is affirmed by stating the negative of its opposite — a common device in ironic expression.
Related to it is euphemism, a figure of speech in which an indirect statement is substituted for a direct one.
Euphemistic terms have been used by many writers to avoid bluntness or offense, but they reveal a tendency to be insincere and sentimental.
Voltaire used them ironically with fine comic effect to advance his satire of injustice, crime, and folly. Caricature and parody, ways in which the author exaggerated details of one sort or another for the same purpose, also must be noticed. Voltaire's primary purpose in writing Candide was to demolish the theory of Optimism, and for this purpose exaggeration served him best.Get an answer for 'What is a good thesis statement for the novel Candide using 2 literary elements?' and find homework help for other Candide questions at eNotes.
There are several instances in which Voltaire criticizes religion. For example, in Chapter 14, the character Cacambo, Candide's footman in Paraguay, is described as having been a "singing boy. This paper analyzes the role of religion in Moliere’s "Tartuffe" and Voltaire’s "Candide".
Basing on the analysis of literature in both Moliere’s and Voltaire’s works it can be concluded that the issues were specifically viewed in their famous works.
DEISTS, OPTIMISTS, VOLTAIRE AND KANT Voltaire satirizes their ideas unmercifully in Candide. Voltaire attacks first the ideas that this is the best of all possible worlds. Even in the beginning, all is not truly well (though Voltaire mockingly describes the castle where Candide grows up as the best of all possible castles in the best of all.
Candide was struck with amazement, and could not for the soul of him conceive how he came to be a hero. One fine spring morning, he took it into his head to take a walk, and he marched straight forward, conceiving it to be a privilege of the human species, as well as of the.
Candide and the theme of Just Society The society is in many ways presented as being un-just.
Candide and other characters are always placed in a situation where they .