Matthew see larger 8 Emperor Charlemagne After the fall of the Roman Empire, the end of a central advanced culture resulted in general illiteracy and a breakdown of handwriting into diverse regional styles. For years the knowledge of writing was kept alive mainly in the remote outposts of religious cloisters and retreats.
In this post, I will provide a few tips and tricks through images and videos on how to write Caroline Minuscule. There are four major defining characteristics about Caroline Minuscule that stand out immediately from other, older, texts: Caroline Minuscule is one of the first scripts to have spacing between the words, as opposed to "scriptio continua," or without spacing.
The second defining characteristic is that Caroline Minuscule has ascenders and descenders; that is, portions of some of the letters either extend above the median line or descend below the baseline, similar to our modern minuscule writing a book English think b or h for ascenders, and q or p for descenders.
These ascenders and descenders help increase the recognizability of the script. This also means that Caroline letters will vary in height - something that will be explained in the videos below and something that will be important in laying the out vertical spacing on the rows of your script.
The third major characteristic of the script is the Uncial letter at the beginning of each major section, paragraph, or sentence to learn more about the paleography of Uncial, check out this post: When writing in prose, this usually meant starting off an important section such as a paragraph break or the start of a sentence with one of these letters.
When writing in poetry, this usually meant starting off every line of poetry with a large Uncial or Half Uncial letter note: The final characteristic is that Caroline Minuscule uses a number of different punctuation marks; something that you will notice in all of the following examples and that will be explained in greater depth later on in the post.
The picture below entitled "Caroline Minuscule Image 1" is a particularly good encompassing example of all of these traits. Here are a couple of additional historical Caroline Minuscule script examples for you to get familiar with the text format and lettering click on the images to enlarge them if the text is too small to read here: Caroline Minuscule Image 1 Source: Last accessed May 23, Caroline Minuscule Image 2 Source: Clemens, Raymond and Timothy Graham.
Introduction to Manuscript Studies. Cornell University Press, Image taken from page Each line or important section may not start with an Uncial or Half Uncial letter, but each sentence starts with a Carolingian Majuscule letter, which is essentially the upper case version of Caroline Minuscule - another lesson for a different post!
Caroline Minuscule Image 3 Source: Image taken from "Plate Practice the Script Once you have studied the form of the script and referenced historic examples to get a general feel for what Caroline Minuscule looks like, you should begin practicing the script on your own.
There are numerous examples of "Caroline Minuscule" that you might find on the web with a simple "Google" search, but not all of those images and videos can be reliable.
Here are a few videos that can help guide you to look for what Caroline Minuscule should look like: In this fist video that I made, I attempt to outline the very bare basics on how to write the text.
You do not need to follow my example to the letter, but it should be a useful starting point in creating your own unique version of the script: Example Script 1 This second example video, entitled "Carolingian Minuscule," gives you a very concise, yet useful, example of how to write the script: Example Script 2 Source: Published on April 12, Note some of the differences here between my script: This author uses a "J," and a "W".
As I point out in my video, it's up to you what those letters might look like but these are some good examples. The author writes out a modern minuscule "s", and then an "s" that resembles more of the versions that I used in my video.
The author does show some of the variations of some of the letters that I point out in my video; however, it looks like the letters in this video are essentially the most "standard" forms that I lay out in the video above.
In this last example video, the author similarly explains some of the key tips and examples for writing the text: Example Script 3 Source: Published on February 14, Some things to note in this video: Again, there are slight variations on the letters; not everyone's handwriting will be the same!
The author brings up a good point in the beginning of the video that I touch on in the first video above: Notice how the author starts to conjoin some of his letters, flowing from one to another like modern script.
If you look back to the earlier image examples, you will see that the scribes who wrote those texts did something very similar.Carolingian minuscule or Caroline minuscule is a script which developed as a calligraphic standard in Europe so that the Latin alphabet of Jerome's Vulgate Bible could be easily recognized by the literate class from one region to another.
Carolingian Minuscule A court school was established under the direction of Alcuin of York. During Charlemagne's patronage book production increased and language was standardized —pronunciation and spelling as well as writing conventions— capitals at the start of a sentence, spaces between words and punctuation.
Merovingian minuscule (merovingia, luxoviensis minuscula) 24 Visigothic minuscule (visigothica) 27 Humanist writing (humanistica antiqua) 77 We now proceed to trace the history of the Latin Paleography, and the scheme which will be followed in this division of our.
25 rows · The minuscule script was a Greek writing style which was developed as a book hand in Byzantine manuscripts during the 9th and 10th centuries. It replaced the earlier style of uncial writing, from which it differed in using smaller, more rounded and more connected letter forms, and in using a large number of ligatures.
Carolingian minuscule or Caroline minuscule is a script which developed as a calligraphic standard in Europe so that the Latin alphabet could be easily recognized by . Caroline Minuscule has ratings and 17 reviews. Fiona said: This is Andrew Taylor's first ever book and it kinda feels like it.
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