The collection of Google Maps contains about 15, feature-rich placemarks with live links to web resources organized topically and usually with dates, and the Google Earth viewer allows seeing the entire collection at once. The overarching idea is to portray accurately and in detail the great change that swept the American landscape between andor the first three centuries of native-European contact before the creation of the United States and the following century of federal warfare against the remnant tribes in pursuit of Manifest Destiny.
December 15, I found this a couple days ago. It is a very important and revealing essay about the reality of Indigenous People, particularly Indigenous Women — have faced and continue to face in Colonial North America. Before reading any further, I feel obligated to warn you that this essay describes historical acts of torture, murder, rape, and other cruel and abhorrent acts perpetrated against indigenous Women.
Story continues below Please tread lightly when reading this. One of the most devastating weapons of conquest has been sexual violence. We were once factious, fierce and wild, In peaceful arts unreconciled.
This attitude dates back to the earliest periods of westward conquest: I saw the body of White Antelope with the privates cut off, and I heard a soldier say he was going to make a tobacco-pouch out of them.
Rufus Choate, [and] Lieutenant Wentz C. Each of the braves was shot down and scalped by the wild volunteers, who out with their knives and cutting two parallel gashes down their backs, would strip the skin from the quivering flesh to make razor straps of.
This history of violence has taught many Indian people to hate their bodies and, because body image is related to self-esteem, to hate themselves.
Thus, it is not a surprise that Indian people who have survived sexual abuse often say that they no longer wish to be Indian. Although Native men have also been scarred by abuse, Native women have often been the primary focus of sexual violence because of their capacity to give birth.
For instance, despite the mass destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the population of Japan actually increased by 14 percent between and because a disproportionate number of men rather than women were killed.
This is why colonizers such as Andrew Jackson recommended that, after massacres, troops complete the extermination by systematically killing Indian women and children. Prior to colonization, Indian societies tended not to be male-dominated.
In fact, many societies were matrilineal and matrilocal, and Indian women often served as spiritual, political, and military leaders. Violence against women and children was rare — in many tribes, unheard of. The egalitarian nature of Native societies did not escape the notice of the colonizers.
It was a scandal in the colonies that a number of white people chose to live among Indian people while virtually no Indians voluntarily chose to live among the colonists. After all, they now had to worry about their prized possession being happier with savage Indians than with them.
As many as nine million people were killed during the witchhunts; over 90 percent of them women. It was not possible for these violent, women-hating societies, transplanted to the Americas, to exist side-by-side with egalitarian Native societies.
As the letters above demonstrate, European men could not easily have kept their own women subjugated without subjugating the women of indigenous nations as well. White women would have had little incentive to stay in their communities when they could live among the Natives and receive better treatment.
Nevertheless, the constant depiction of Native men as savages prevented white women from seeing that the real enemy was not Native people, but the patriarchy of their own culture. Even in war, European women were often surprised to find that they went unmolested by their Indian captors.
Mary Rowlandson said of her own captivity: Between andCalifornia spent over one million dollars hiring soldiers to exterminate Natives.
In one typical expedition, a group of invading soldiers demanded that all the young women be given to them for sexual service. When they discovered that the young women had already managed to escape, the soldiers raped the old women instead. Other accounts of colonial sexual abuse include the following: When I was in the boat I captured a beautiful Carib woman.
I conceived desire to take pleasure. I took a rope and thrashed her well, for which she raised such unheard screams that you would not have believed your ears. Finally we came to an agreement in such a manner that I can tell you that she seemed to have been brought up in a school of harlots.
Two of the best looking of the squaws were lying in such a position, and from the appearance of the genital organs and of their wounds, there can be no doubt that they were first ravished and then shot dead.
Nearly all of the dead were mutilated.
One woman, big with child, rushed into the church, clasping the alter and crying for mercy for herself and unborn babe. She was followed, and fell pierced with a dozen lances. The Christians attacked them with buffets and beatings. Then they behaved with such temerity and shamelessness that the most powerful ruler of the island had to see his own wife raped by a Christian officer.
I also heard of numerous instances in which men had cut out the private parts of females, and stretched them over their saddle-bows and some of them over their hats.
The attitudes on display in the examples above have changed very little over the centuries. Irene Mack Pyawasit recalls her days as a boarding school resident from the Menominee reservation:I found this a couple days ago. It is a very important and revealing essay about the reality of Indigenous People, particularly Indigenous Women – have faced and continue to face in Colonial North America.
Personal Narrative- Improved Writing - My first real writing experience happened my junior year at HHS. It was the second to last day of school of my sophomore year, and I happened to be flipping through the course descriptions book, and was thinking of an English class to take next year.
Classic American Autobiographies [William L. Andrews] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The true diversity of the American experience comes to life in this superlative collection.
A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson (). The Holy Bible: King James Version. Psalms This is a very cool site -- full of texts of wills and deeds, image scans of actual documents, a bulletin board for discussions, some vital records (Saybrook, CT, and Plymouth County, MA) -- even a couple of "slide shows" about the Plymouth colony and the events in Salem.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.