A century before the American Revolution, there was Bacon's Rebellion. One was the heavy-handed English governor, Sir William Berkeley, a veteran of the English civil wars. The other was Nathaniel Bacon, an immature, lazy schemer. His father had sent him to Virginia hoping he would grow up.
Considered from the perspective of Virginia society, the conflict brought to a head problems that had been brewing long before the rebellion. First, The extreme low price of tobacco, and the ill usage of the planters in the exchange of goods for it, which the country, with all their earnest endeavors, could not remedy.
Secondly, The splitting the colony into proprieties, contrary to the original charters; and the extravagant taxes they were forced to undergo, to relieve themselves from those grants.
Thirdly, The heavy restraints and burdens laid upon their trade by act of Parliament in England. In short, Virginians faced a combination of falling tobacco prices and a heavy tax burden.
Beverley's "splitting the colony into proprieties" referred to the granting of the land on the Northern Neck to private individuals, which prevented the colony from selling it. Faced with this loss of revenue, the General Assembly dispatched agents to London to argue for the grant's revocation.
So did the General Assembly itself: Virtual Tour of Bacon's Castle Berkeley frankly acknowledged the discontent among the populace, particularly among the small planters who could least afford these extraordinary taxes.
Much of the discontent, however, focused not on Berkeley but on the local elites who controlled county governments, which actually levied most of the taxes. When the royal commissioners solicited grievances from the counties after Bacon's Rebellion, they were met by a torrent of complaints about high local taxes that did not seem to benefit the people at large and could only be paid in tobacco —a crop the large planters had in abundance, but which others could produce only with great difficulty.
Under these circumstances, Berkeley's plan to build frontier forts struck many frustrated and frightened planters as unhelpful. They figured that it would be cheaper, and perhaps more satisfying, to simply attack Indians wherever they could be found. Bacon's success came largely because of his ability to direct these people's fear and anger toward two targets: After Bacon's Rebellion the planter elite consolidated its power over the colony, but there were winners and losers even among the gentry.
Losers in the struggle tended to be newer men, like Bacon, who had not been in the colony long and who may have resented the power and privileges of established elites. Those who gained the most were an older gentry who had helped found the colony decades earlier or, most importantly, royalists who had fled to Virginia in the s following the English Civil Wars.
These members of the Washington, Randolph, Carter, and Lee families, to name a few, would dominate Virginia for many years to come.
Map The rebellion had also taken place in the midst of a fundamental shift in Virginia's labor force, several decades after leading planters had collectively decided to replace white indentured servants with more easily controlled enslaved Africans, but roughly twenty years before the supply of slaves would make that possible.
By the slave population had soared, British immigration had slowed, and many poor whites had either become better established or had departed the colony.
At the turn of the century white Virginians were increasingly united by white populism, or the binding together of rich and poor whites through their sense of what they considered their common racial virtue and their common opposition to the interests of Indians and enslaved Africans. Thus Bacon's Rebellion was, as one writer has put it, a critical element in "the origin of the Old South.
His antipathy of Governor Sir William Berkeley, who also participates in the trade, may date to this time. July - Skirmishes between frontier settlers and Doeg and Susquehannock Indians in the Potomac River valley stimulate widespread fear of organized Indian raids, fears heightened when Virginians learn of the outbreak in New England of what comes to be called King Philip's War.
March - The General Assembly meets in Jamestown to prepare for defending the colony. The assembly enacts laws to erect forts along the fall line to try to keep friendly Indians at peace with the colonists and to cut off the Indian trade temporarily to reduce contacts that might flare into conflicts.
Bacon is the leader of militiamen in the upper reaches of the James River valley and is preparing, against the governor's instructions, to attack friendly Indians. June 5, - The House of Burgesses gathers in Jamestown.Bacon's Rebellion was probably one of the most confusing yet intriguing chapters in Jamestown's history.
For many years, historians considered the Virginia Rebellion of to be the first stirring of revolutionary sentiment in America, which culminated in the American Revolution almost exactly one. Bacon’s Rebellion and was a war between two actual cousins. One was the heavy-handed English governor, Sir William Berkeley, a veteran of the English civil wars.
The other was Nathaniel Bacon, an immature, lazy schemer. The Beginning, Progress, and Conclusion of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, In the Years and Summer - Sir John Berry and Francis Moryson submit to the king their report on Bacon's Rebellion.
In "A True Narrative of the Rise, Progresse and Cessation of the Late Rebellion in Virginia" they find blame both in Nathaniel Bacon and Governor Sir . A True Narrative of the Rise, Progresse, a rebellion took place in Virginia led by Nathaniel Bacon and joined by white frontiersmen, slaves, and servants.
The British Crown set up a Commission of Inquiry to report on Bacon's rebellion, which they did as follows 1. Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William pfmlures.com colony's dismissive policy as it related to the political challenges of its western frontier, along with other challenges including leaving Bacon out of his inner circle, refusing to allow Bacon to be a part of Methods: Demonstrations, vigilantes.